Testosterone is a hormone that is responsible for the development of male features in humans. It is found in higher concentrations in men, but women also need it in small concentrations for the healthy functioning of their bodies.
In men, the normal testosterone in men is 300 to 1,000 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl) in the blood. This hormone is produced in the testicles. The secretion of testosterone starts at puberty and continues throughout the life of a man.
However, studies show that at the age of 30 years, the levels of testosterone in men starts to drop due to ageing factors at the rate of 1% per year. By the age of 70, most men experience about 30% drop in the hormone secretion.
This article will examine what low testosterone is and how it impacts the lives of men.
Understanding Low Testosterone Concentration in Men
According to experts, low testosterone in men is defined as a concentration of the hormone that is below 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl) in the blood. Statistics show that 2% of men suffer from low testosterone levels. This condition is viewed as a problem that affects middle-aged and older men. It is caused by a wide range of factors, which include ageing, smoking, excessive use of alcohol, severe injury on testicles, testicular cancer, genetic abnormalities and abnormal functioning of the pituitary gland. Moreover, diseases such as diabetes, liver infections and HIV/AIDS can lead to reduced secretion of testosterone in men. Another factor that is linked to this problem is the effects of cancer treatment methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. With so many possible causes of low testosterone in men, doctors should be meticulous in their procedures to avoid misdiagnosis.
Symptoms of Low Testosterone in Men
Men suffering from low testosterone levels can exhibit a wide range of symptoms. These include low erectile low sex drive and erectile dysfunction. In some cases, men may find it difficult to achieve and maintain erections. Also, the number of erections may significantly reduce in people suffering from this problem. In some cases, it may cause infertility, significant hair loss, increased body fat, enlarged breasts and reduction in body muscle. Other symptoms of low testosterone in men include difficulties in sleeping, anxiety, depression, shrinking of testicles, low energy levels, erratic moods and hot flashes. These issues can have a ripple effect on the life of a patient and that’s why it important for anyone experiencing these signs to get professional help as soon as possible. Moreover, other health conditions may exhibit any of these symptoms thus the reason for extensive screening.
Effects of Low Testosterone in Men
Each of the symptoms of low testosterone in men comes with a set of effects, which if not well managed, can wreak havoc in the life of a patient. For instance, erectile dysfunction can affect the sex life of patients and their partners. This is because it reduces the patient’s sexual performance as well as the ability to satisfy his partner. The patient may also suffer from self-esteem issues if the problem persists. Likewise, other symptoms such as hair loss, enlarged breast and loss of muscle mass may affect how men feel about themselves leading to anxiety or depression attacks. Changing moods also affect how the individuals relate with other people both at home and professionally. This can have a negative impact on relationships. These effects can be costly especially where patients are experiencing infertility.
Possible Treatments Available to Patients
The good news is that there are different ways of treating and managing the effects of low testosterone in men. These include the use of prescribed drugs as well as therapies and natural ways to control the effects of various symptoms. However, before starting any form of treatment, patients must make sure that extensive tests have been done such as a blood analysis to establish the actual levels of testosterone in their bodies. Common treatment methods include testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) which can be administered using various approaches. These include the use of gels, injunctions, oral tablets, hormonal implants and skin patches. Studies show that patients start seeing results after 4-6 weeks of starting TRT treatment. There are also natural ways that patients can use to reverse the effects of low testosterone. These include exercising, weight loss and eating healthy.
Testosterone is a hormone responsible for the development of male features in men. Maintaining a healthy balance of this hormone is critical for the optimal functioning of a man’s body. The concentration of the hormone in men is 300 -1,000 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl) in the blood. If the level drops below 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl), the individual is deemed to have a low testosterone level. Some of the telltale signs that someone is suffering from low testosterone include erectile dysfunction, erratic moods, low libido, infertility and low energy levels just to mention a few. The major causes of low testosterone include ageing, effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, drug abuse, diseases and testicular injuries. This problem can be addressed by using low testosterone replacement therapy and natural methods such as exercising, weight loss and eating well.